When the Mauryan empire fell, ancient India saw some new kingdoms take root that then went on to become formidable dynasties of their own—the Satavahanas are a prime example. They emerged in southern India in the middle of the 1st Century BC and their reign lasted till the 3rd century CE, making them the longest ruling dynasty of ancient India. The Satavahanas gave stability to the Deccan and this resulted in a flowering of social and economic growth. Agriculture and trade were the two major industries. Bhadoch, Sopara and Kalyan were some of the major ports that they controlled and these linked to commercial centres like Nasik, Chaul and Junar. Satavahana coins are excavated mainly from the Western Ghats and the regions of Vidharbha and Deccan.
Satakarni was the third of the Satavahana kings, who ruled the Deccan region of India. His reign is generally dated to 70-60 BCE, although some authors have claimed 187-177 BCE, and most recently dated to 88-42 BCE.
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