When Bahmani ruler’s sovereign power was seized, after 1518 AD the sultanate broke up into five states, By provincial governors, and founded new dynasties and sultanate, one of it Golkunda. The last fifth one dynasty was Imad Shahi of Berar (its coins not yet found.)
The Qutb Shahi sultanate developed from the disintegration of the Bahmani kingdom. Its founder was Sultan Quli, who came to the Bahmani court from Hamadan in Persia during the reign of Mhmud Shah. In 1496 AD he was appointed governor of Tilangana with the title Qutb al-Mulk, he also became responsible for the provinces of Golkonda and Warangal. He became independent in all but name. He remained loyal to Mahmud Shah as long as the latter lived, but upon his death, in 1518 AD, Qutb al-Mulk declared his independence. He made Golkonda his capital and renamed it Muhammadabad. Any coin struck at Golkonda must have continued quoting the name of Bahmani sultans, as no coins have been found with his own name.
Sultan Quli Qutb Shah had grown very old, when in 1543 AD, his second surviving son, Jamsheed had him assassinated. Jamsheed is the first Sultan of Golkonda to have issued coins.
Aurangzeb could not tolerate the existence of Golkonda and keen to annex it. Golkonda fell to the Mughal in 1687 AD (A.H 1098), Aurangzeb succeeded in capturing the fort of Golkona and king Abul Hasan Qutb Shah. State fell into the end.
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